What is Legislative History?
A legislative history is a collection of the documents created by Congress or a state legislature during the process of enacting a law or rejecting a proposed law. Legislative history provides evidence that members of the legislative body were aware of particular facts and includes comments and recommendations of committees and individual members of the legislative body.
Legislative history is useful as a tool of statutory construction, when the wording of the statute is vague. Legislative history is persuasive authority. It is never binding upon a court.
Federal legislative history documents show congressional intent. The documents which can make up a legislative history include:
- Committee Reports
- Bills and Amendments
- Committee Prints
- Presidential Messages
The first place to begin legislative history research is to search for a compiled legislative history (see tab above). If not, you might have to compile key documents listed above but since this can be a time-consuming process. It is always best to look for a compiled legislative history first.
How to Use this Guide
If you are looking for legislative history materially generally for a particular law start with the compiled legislative history tab. If you are looking for a particular document, e.g. a house report, use the sources of legislative history chart to see where the full-text document is located.
Selected Legislative History Resources
Legislative history resources.
How to Trace Federal Legislation from the Law Library of Congress, posted Jan. 2014.
Longer, more complete guide to finding legislative history materials (including print materials) in the Boston College Law Library collection.
Thank you to Karen Wallace who allowed us to use portions of the above mentioned guide when putting together this Federal Legislative History Materials guide.